Predicting positive practice improvement: a model for understanding how data and self-perception lead to practice change

HHS-SM-Predicting Positive Practice Improvement


Introduction: Despite   studies highlighting the inaccuracies of self-assessment, practicing   physicians continue to rely on self-perception to maintain clinical   competence. Many approaches have been proposed to augment physician   performance. In the realm of Quality Improvement (QI), Audit and Feedback   (A&F) has a modest effect. Educators have proposed coaching interventions   and academic constructs have invoked training for early-career clinicians.   Very few of these are driven by the perceptions and the needs of the end-user   - the physicians. We currently lack a model to understand physicians’   perceptions of their own practice data and an understanding of the factors   which would enable practice change. In this study, we sought to develop a   model for data feedback which may best help physicians change   practice. 

Methods: In a previous study, we conducted a needs   analysis of 105 physicians in the Hamilton-Niagara area in order to   understand which data metrics were most valuable to physicians. Using the   survey results, we designed an interview guide that was used as a qualitative   study of physicians’ perspectives on A&F. By intentional sampling, we   recruited 15 physicians amongst gender groups, types of practice (academic vs   community) and durations of practice. We conducted this interview with all 15   participants which were then transcribed. We then performed thematic analysis   and extraction of all interviews using a realist framework. These were then   translated into broader themes and, by using a grounded theory framework,   created a model to understand how physicians relate practice data to their   own sense of self. Interviews were anonymized and no identifying data was   shared as part of the interview. All interviewees consented to participation   at the outset and could withdraw at any time. 

Results: Via   stakeholder interviews from 15 key informants, we developed a model for the   understanding of how a physician's sense of self and the nature of the data   (quantity and quality) may be combined to understand the likelihood of   practice change and the adoption of the change strategy. Using this model, it   is possible to understand the conditions under which A&F would provide   the greatest opportunity for practice change. 

Conclusion: Physician   identity intersects with A&F data to shed insights on practice   improvement. Understanding the core identity constructs of different   physician groups may allow for increased uptake in A&F processes.

Authors: Rana Kamhawy, Teresa M. Chan, Shawn Mondoux

Preliminary data gathering/ baseline